Master of Arts in Military History
Reading lists for classes are posted as they become available.
Program of Study
American Military University’s M.A. in Military History can be viewed in detail here.
Great Military Philosophers (Complete, A)
Studies in U.S. Military History (Complete, A)
Historiography (Complete, A)
Historical Research Methods
The Civil War: Seminal Event in American History (Complete, A)
Civil War Strategy and Tactics (Complete, A)
Civil War Command and Leadership (Current Course)
Antebellum America: Prelude to Civil War (Complete, A)
Reconstruction and Post-Civil War America
Intelligence Operations in the Civil War
or Civil War Cavalry: Theory, Practice and Operations
or The Mexican – American War: 1846-1848
or Special Topic: Military History
or Independent Study: Military History
Comp Exam / Thesis Seminar
Master’s Capstone Seminar in Military History
TBD (3 hours)
Civil War Command and Leadership (Began October 5, 2009)
Here’s a quick summary: “a study of national, theater, and operational command structures of the Union and Confederacy, the leadership styles of key military leaders on both sides, and the evolution of command and control in the war. Major themes include the relationship between the commanders in chief and the generals who led the armies in the field, the relationships between the generals themselves, and the ways in which the relationships described above either served to facilitate or debilitate the causes those commanders served.”
I am VERY excited about the professor, Steven E. Woodworth!
- Ph.D., Rice University, 1987
- Professor of history at Texas Christian University
- Author, co-author, or editor of twenty-seven books you can view here
- Two-time winner of the Fletcher Pratt Award of the New York Civil War Round Table (for Jefferson Davis and His Generals and Davis and Lee at War)
- Two-time finalist for the Peter Seaborg Award of the George Tyler Moore Center for the Study of the Civil War (for While God Is Marching On and Nothing but Victory)
- Winner of the Grady McWhiney Award of the Dallas Civil War Round Table for lifetime contribution to the study of Civil War history can view here
Glatthaar, Joseph T. Partners in Command: The Relationships Between Leaders in the Civil War. New York: The Free Press, 1993.
McPherson, James M. Tried by War: Abraham Lincoln as Command-in-Chief. New York: Penguin, 2009
Woodworth, Steven E. Jefferson Davis and His Generals: The Failure of Confederate Command in the West. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1990.
Recommended Supplemental Reading:
Baugartner, Richard A. Blue Lightning-Wilder’s Mounted Infantry Brigade in the Battle of Chickamagua. Huntington, WV: Blue Acorn Press, 2007.
Bilby, Joseph G. A Revolution in Arms: A History of the First Repeating Rifles. Yardley, Pennsylvania: Westholme Publishing, LLC, 2006.
Blackford, William W. War Years with Jeb Stuart. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1945; Louisiana State University Press, 1993.
Bruce, Robert V. Lincoln and the Tools of War. Indianapolis: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, Inc., 1956.
Buckeridge, J.O. Lincoln’s Choice. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: The Stackpole Company, 1956.
Davis, Burke. Jeb Stuart: The Last Cavalier. New York: Rinehart, 1957; New York: Wings Books, 1992.
Edwards, William B. Civil War Guns: The Complete Story of Federal and Confederate Small Arms: Design, Manufacture, Identification, Procurement, Issue, Employment, Effectiveness, and Postwar Disposal. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: The Stackpole Company, 1962; Secaucus, New Jersey: Castle, 1982.
Fishel, Edwin C. The Secret War for the Union: The Untold Story of Military Intelligence in the Civil War. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1996.
Foote, Shelby. Civil War a Narrative-Fredericksburg to Meridian. New York, NY: Random House, 1986.
Freeman, Douglas Southall. Lee: An Abridgement in One Volume by Richard Harwell of the Four-Volume R.E. Lee. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1961.
Gallagher, Garry W. The American Civil War, This Mighty Scourge of War. Osceola, WI: Osprey, 2003.
Harsh, Joseph L. Taken at the Flood: Robert E. Lee and Confederate Strategy and the Maryland Campaign of 1862. Kent, OH: The Kent State University Press, 1999.
________ Confederate Tide Rising: Robert E. Lee and the Making of Southern Strategy, 1861 – 1862. Kent, OH: The Kent State University Press, 1998.
________ Sounding the Shallows: A Confederate Companion for the Maryland Campaign of 1862. Kent, OH: The Kent State University Press, 2000.
Hartwig, D. Scott. “Who Would Not Be a Soldier: The Volunteers of ’62 in the Maryland Campaign.” In The Antietam Campaign, ed. Gary W. Gallagher. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press, 1999.
Johnson, Robert Underwood and C.C. Buel. Battles and Leaders of the Civil War, 4 vols., New York: Century, 1884-1888.
Jones, Wilbur D. “Who Lost the Lost Order?” Civil War Regiments: A Journal of the American Civil War, Volume 5:3, 1997.
Kidd, J.H. Personal Recollections of a Cavalryman with Custer’s Michigan Cavalry Brigade in the Civil War. Ionia, Michigan: Sentinel Printing Company, 1908; reprint, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1997.
Lee, Robert E. Lee the Soldier, ed. Gary W. Gallagher. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1996.
Longacre, Edward G. From Union Stars to Top Hat: A Biography of the Extraordinary General James Harrison Wilson. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole Books, 1972.
________. Lincoln’s Cavalrymen: A History of the Mounted Forces of the Army of the Potomac. Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole Books, 2000.
Marcot, Roy M. Spencer Repeating Firearms. Irvine, California: Northwood Heritage Press, 1983.
Murfin, James V. The Gleam of Bayonets: The Battle of Antietam and the Maryland Campaign of 1862. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1965.
Rafuse, Ethan S. McClellan’s War: The Failure of Moderation in the Struggle for the Union. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 2005.
Rowell, John W. Yankee Artillerymen: Through the Civil War with Eli Lilly’s Indiana Battery. Knoxville: The University of Tennessee Press, 1975.
Sears, Stephen W. Landscape Turned Red: The Battle of Antietam. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1983.
Sunderland, Glenn W. Lightning at Hoover’s Gap: Wilder’s Brigade in the Civil War. Cranbury, New Jersey: Thomas Yoseloff, 1969.
Thomas, Emory M. Bold Dragoon: The Life of J.E.B. Stuart. New York: Random House, 1988.
Urwin, Gregory J.W. Custer Victorious: The Civil War Battles of General George Armstrong Custer. Edison, New Jersey: The Blue and Grey Press, 1983.
U.S. War Department. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. 128 vols. Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1880-1901. Reprint, Harrisburg: Broadfoot Publishing Company, 1985.
Whittaker, Frederick. A Complete Life of General George A. Custer: Volume 1: Through the Civil War. New York: Sheldon & Company, 1876; reprint, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1993.
Williams, Samuel C. “General John T. Wilder.” Indiana Magazine of History, September 1935.
Civil War Strategy and Tactics
Instructor: Jeffery Seymour, Auburn
This course is a study of the American Civil War with emphasis on operational contributions of Union and Confederate military leadership. Students examine Civil War battles on two levels: the strategic doctrine as formed by the major commanders and tactical developments that affected the conduct of battle at a lower echelon of command. Special emphasis is on the interplay between these levels in order to gain a comprehensive view of strategy and tactics in both armies from 1861-1865.
Griffith, Paddy. Battle Tactics of the Civil War. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1989. ISBN 0-300-04247-7
Harsh, Joseph L. Taken at the Flood: Robert E. Lee & Confederate Strategy in the Maryland Campaign of 1862. Kent, OH: The Kent State University Press, 1999. ISBN: 0-87338-631-0
Jones, Archer. Civil War Command & Strategy: The Process of Victory and Defeat. NY: The Free Press, 1992. ISBN 0-02-916635-7
McMurry, Richard M. Two Great Rebel Armies: An Essay in Confederate Military History. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1989. ISBN 0-8078-1819-4
McWhiney, Grady, and Perry D. Jamieson. Attack and Die: Civil War Military Tactics and the Southern Heritage. Tuscaloosa, AL: The University of Alabama Press, 1984. ISBN 0-8173-0229-8
Williams, T. Harry. Lincoln and His Generals. NY: Random House, 1967. ISBN 0-394-70362-6 (Paperback)
Donald, David, H., ed. Why the North Won the Civil War. Westwood, MA: PaperBook Press, 1962. ISBN 0-684-82506-8
Student Reading Package (SRP) Articles: (note: SRP copies are available through AMU bookstore)
Jones, Archer. “Jomini and the Strategy of the American Civil War, A Reinterpretation.” Military Affairs 34 (December 1970): 127-131.
Shy, John. “Jomini.” In Makers of Modern Strategy from Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age, ed. Peter Paret, 143-185. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986.
Williams, T. Harry. “The Return of Jomini–Some Thoughts on Recent Civil War Writing.” Military Affairs 39 (December 1975): 204-206.
Antebellum America: Prelude to Civil War
Professor Steven J. Ramold, PhD: University of Nebraska – Lincoln
This course is an analysis of the conditions existing in the United States in the first half of the 19th century. The course focuses on the political, cultural/social, economic, security, leadership, and other issues that played roles in starting and shaping the Civil War. We will analyze the issues in the context of war and peace to determine whether or not such conflicts as civil wars can be avoided prior to their inception.
Stampp, Kenneth; The Peculiar Institution: Slavery in the Antebellum South, (Knopf, 1956.)
Foner, Eric; Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men: The Ideology of the Republican Party before the Civil War With a New Introductory Essay,
Levine, Bruce; Half Slave and Half Free, Revised Edition: The Roots of Civil War, (Hill and Wang, 1992).
Holt, Michael F.; Political Crisis of the 1850s (Wiley, 1978).
Studies in U.S. Military History
The course examines the military heritage of the United States from the colonial period to the present. “Through a study of the literature of American military history, this course is a study of the individuals, military policies, postures, organizations, strategies, campaigns, tactics, and battles that have defined the American military experience.”
The reading list looks outstanding. Slight change in texts related to Korean War. I’ve posted these books on my virtual bookshelves that you can find here. I’ll post more about each of these as I get into the sememster. Recommended Reading Lists come primarily from the sources of the books below. One exception was: One Hundred Years of Sea Power: The U.S. Navy 1890 – 1990 by George W. Baer which I’ve added to my library.
- American Civil War and The Origins of Modern Warfare
- A People’s Army: Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors in the 7-Year War
- The Army and Vietnam
- Crusade: The Untold Story of the Persian Gulf War
- For the Common Defense: A Military History of the United States of America, Revised and Expanded
- A Revolutionary People at War: The Continental Army and American Character, 1775-1783
- War Without Mercy: Race and Power in the Pacific War
- The Philippine War, 1899-1902
- Doughboys, the Great War, and the Remaking of America
- The GI Offensive in Europe: The Triumph of American Infantry Divisions, 1941-1945
- The Name of War: King Philip’s War and the Origins of American Identity
- Strategies of Containment: A Critical Reappraisal of American National Security Policy During the Cold War
- Roy E. Appleman. East of Chosin: Entrapment and Breakout in Korea, 1950. Reprint. Texas A&M University Press, 1991.
Instructor, Dr. Kelly C. Jordan
The class examines historiography, the study of historical thought from its emergence in the classical world to the present. It concentrates on how history has been interpreted, rather the facts of history themselves. The course contemplates the fundamental questions about the nature of history and investigates the relationships between theory and evidence in historical writing. Also explored are the varieties of narratives historians have used to reconstruct the past and many of the major historiographical schools and ideas that have developed over time.
- Bentley, Michael. Modern Historiography: An Introduction. London: Routledge, 1999.
- Breisach, Ernst. Historiography: Ancient, Medieval, and Modern, 2nd Edition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994.
- Green, Anna, and Kathleen Troup, eds. The Houses of History: A Critical Reader in Twentieth-Century History and Theory. New York: New York University Press, 1999.
- Marius, Richard. A Short Guide to Writing about History. NY: Longmans, 1999
- Turabian, Kate L. Manual for Writers of Term Papers, 6th Edition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.
- Maryilyn, Bernard. “The Challenge of Modern Historiography.” American Historical Review 87 (February 1982).
- Bentley, Michael. “Herbert Butterfield and the Ethics of Historiography.” History & Theory 44 (February 2005).
- Gorman, Jonathan. “Historians and Their Duties.” History & Theory 43 (December 2004).
- Nolte, Ernst. “The Relationship Between Bourgeois and Marxist Historiography.” History & Theory 14 (January 1975).
- Zagorin, Perez. “History, The Referent, and Narrative: Reflections on Postmodernism Now.” History & Theory 38 (January 1999).
Recommended Supplemental Reading
- Bambach, Charles R. Heidegger, Dilthey, and the Crisis of Historicism. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1995.
- Barraclough, Geoffrey. Main Trends in History. New York: Holmes & Meier, 1979.
- Butterfield, Herbert. Man on His Past: The Study of the History of Historical Scholarship. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1955.
- Charters David A., Marc Milner, and J. Brent Wilson, eds. Military History and the Military Profession. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 1992.
- Collingwood, R. G. The Idea of History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.
- Garraghan, Gilbert J. A Guide to Historical Method. New York: Fordham University Press, 1946.
- Gottschalk, Louis. Understanding History: A Primer of Historical Method. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1963.
- Hornblower, Simon, ed. Greek Historiography. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996.
- Johnson, Allen. The Historian and Historical Evidence. New York: C. Scribner’s Sons, 1930.
- Montagu, M. F. Ashley, ed. Toynbee and History: Critical Essays and Reviews. Boston: Porter Sargent, 1956. Powicke, F. M. Modern Historians and the Study of History: Essays and Papers. London: Odhams Press, 1955.
- Richardson, Alan. History Sacred and Profane. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1964.
- Snooks, Graeme Donald. The Laws of History. London: Routledge, 1998.
- Thompson, James Westfall, and Bernard J. Holm. A History of Historical Writing. New York: Macmillan, 1942.
The Civil War: Seminal Event in American History
Professor Charles E. White, PhD Duke University
A study of the political, economic, cultural, and social aspects of the Civil War. The course addresses the causes of the war, how a nation coped with the struggle across multiple dimensions, and how we dealt with the conflict’s aftermath.
Reading list required:
- Catton, Bruce. America Goes to War: The Civil War and its Meaning in American Culture. Hanover, NH: Wesleyan University Press, 1992.
- Clinton, Catherine. Life in Civil War America. Conshohosken, PA: Eastern Acorn Press, 1996.
- Craven, Avery O. The Coming of the Civil War. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1957.
- Davis, William C. Cause Lost: Myths and Realities of the Confederacy. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1991.
- Linderman, Gerald F. Embattled Courage: The Experience of Combat in the American Civil War. NY: The Free Press, 1989.
- McPherson, James M. Abraham Lincoln and the Second American Revolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992
- __________. Drawn with the Sword: Reflections on the American Civil War. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.
- Roland, Charles P. An American Iliad: The Story of the Civil War. Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1991.
- Thomas, Emory M. The Confederacy as a Revolutionary Experience. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1991.
Recommended Supplementary Reading List:
- Adams, Charles. When in the Course of Human Events: Arguing the Case for Southern Secession. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2000.
- Beringer, Richard E., Hattaway, Herman, Jones, Archer, and Still, William N. Why The South Lost The Civil War. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1986.
- Boritt, Gabor S., Editor. Lincoln, the War President. The Gettysburg Lectures. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.
- Cornish, Dudley T. The Sable Arm: Black Troops in the Union Army, 1861-1865. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1987.
- Craven, Avery O. Civil War in the Making. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1996.
- Culpepper, Marilyn M. Trials and Triumphs: The Women of the American Civil War. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1991.
- Davis, Jefferson. The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government. New York: De Capo Press, 1990.
- DiLorenzo, Thomas. The Real Lincoln: A New Look at Abraham Lincoln, His Agenda, and an Unnecessary War. New York: Three Rivers Press, 2003.
- Dwyer, John, Editor, The War Between the States: America’s Uncivil War. Denton, Texas: Bluebonnett Press, 2005.
- Dupuy, Ernest and Trevor Dupuy. The Compact History of the Civil War. NY: Hawthorn Books, 1960.
- Donald, David. Charles Sumner and the Coming of the Civil War. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1967.
- Fahs, Alice and Waugh, Joan. The Memory of the Civil War in American Culture. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2004.
- Foote, Shelby. The Civil War: A Narrative. 3 vols. NY: Random House, 1958-74. (Paper)
- Gallman, The North Fights The Civil War: The Home Front. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 1994.
- Graham, John Remington. A Constitutional History of Secession. Gretna, Louisiana: Pelican Publishing Company, 2002.
- Grant, Susan-Mary and Parish, Peter, J., ed. Legacy of Disunion: The Enduring Significance of the American Civil War. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University, 2003.
- Hagerman, Edward. The American Civil War and the Origins of Modern Warfare: Ideas, Organization, and Field Command. Bloomington, Indiana University Press, 1988.
- Hattaway, Herman and Jones, Archer. How the North Won: A Military History of the Civil War. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1983.
- Henderson, G.F.R. The Civil War: A Soldier’s View. A Collection of Civil War Writings by Col. G.F.R. Henderson. Ed. Jay Luvaas. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1958.
- Jones, Archer. Civil War Command and Strategy: The Process of Victory and Defeat. New York: The Free Press, 1992.
- Jordan, Ervin L. Black Confederates and Afro-Yankees in Civil War Virginia. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1995.
- Kennedy, James and Walter. The South Was Right! Gretna, Louisiana: Pelican Publishing Company, 1994.
- McDonald, Forrest. States’ Rights and the Union. University of Kansas Press, 2000.
- McMurry, Richard M. Two Great Rebel Armies: An Essay on Confederate Military History. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1989.
- McPherson, James. Battle Cry of Freedom. NY: Ballantine Books, 1989.
- __________. Marching Toward Freedom: Blacks in the Civil War, 1866-1865. New York: Facts on File, Inc., 1994.
- __________. What They Fought for: 1861-1865. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1994.
- McWhiney, Grady, and Jamieson, Perry D. Attack and Die: Civil War Military Tactics and the Southern Heritage. University: University of Alabama Press, 1982.
- Miller, William Lee. Arguing About Slavery: The Great Battle in the United States Congress. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1996.
- Mitchell, Joseph B. Decisive Battles of the Civil War. NY: Fawcett World Library, 1955.
- Mitchell, Reid. Civil War Soldiers: Their Expectations and Their Experiences. New York: Touchstone, 1989.
- Morris, Thomas D. Southern Slavery and the Law, 1619-1860. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1996.
- Roland, Charles P. The Confederacy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1960.
- Sullivan, Walter, Editor. The War The Women Lived: Female Voices From The Confederate South. Nashville: J.S. Sanders and Company, 1995.
- Vandiver, Frank E. Their Tattered Flags: The Epic of the Confederacy. College Station: Texas A&M University Press.
- Webb, James. Born Fighting: How the Scots-Irish Shaped America. New York: Broadway Books, 2004.
- Webb, Willard ed. Critical Moments of the Civil War. NY: Fountainhead Publisher, 1961.
- Wills, Garry. Lincoln At Gettysburg: The Words That Remade America. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1992.
- American Heritage. Battle Maps of the Civil War. Tulsa, OK: Council Oak Books, 1992.
- Chandler, David G. Atlas of Military Strategy: The Art, Theory and Practice of War, 1618-1878. London: Arms and Armour Press, 1980.
- Keegan, John, Ed. The Times Atlas of the Second World War. New York: Harper & Row, Publishers, 1989.
- U.S. Military Academy. West Point Atlas Series. Wayne, NJ: Avery Publishing Group, 1986-94.
- Woodworth, Steven E. and Winkle, Kenneth J. Atlas of the Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.
Great Military Philosophers
Professor Charles E. White, PhD Duke University
The class examined the development of the military intellect by introducing the wisdom of the great military thinkers of the past. Among others, the philosophers the course addressed included Sun Tzu, Machiavelli, Clausewitz, Jomini, Mahan, Corbett, Douhet, Mitchell, Liddell Hart and Mao Tse-tung. Much of the reading was of primary sources although commentary and analysis sources were also excellent. Study of these great thinkers provided considerable insight into the nature and conduct of war at the strategic, operational, and tactical levels.
- Clausewitz, Carl von. On War. Edited and Translated by Michael Howard and Peter Paret. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989.
- Handel, Michael I. Masters of War: Classical Strategic Thought. 3rd Revised and Expanded Edition. London: Frank Cass, 2001.
- Jablonsky, David. Roots of Strategy (Book 4). Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1999.
- Liddell-Hart, Basil H. Strategy. 2nd Edition. NY: Meridian Books, 1991.
- Machiavelli, Niccolo. The Art of War. Translated with Commentary by Christopher Lynch. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003.
- Paret, Peter, ed. Makers of Modern Strategy: From Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986.
- Sun Tzu. The Art of War. Translated by Samuel B. Griffith. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1971
- Tse-Tung, Mao. The Art of War (Special Edition). El Paso, TX: El Paso Norte Press, 2005.
Recommended Supplementary Reading List:
- Addington, Larry. The Blitzkrieg Era and the German General Staff, 1865-1941. New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 1971.
- __________. The Patterns of War Through the Eighteenth Century. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1990.
- Asprey, Robert B. War in the Shadows: The Guerrilla in History. 2 Vols. New York: Doubleday and Company, 1975.
- Brodie, Bernard and Fawn. From Crossbow to H-Bomb. Rev. Ed. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1973.
- Builder, Carl H. The Army in the Strategic Planning Process: Who Shall Bell the Cat? Bethesda: Concepts Analysis Agency Report, 1989:94-105.
- Challand, Gerard. Art of War in World History: From Antiquity to the Nuclear Age. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1993.
- Department of the Army. Field Manual 3-0, Operations. GPO, June 2001.
- Foerster, Roland G., ed. Generalfeldmarshall von Moltke: Bedeutung und Wirkung. Munich: R. Oldenbourg, 1992; Specifically, Michael D. Krause, “Moltke and the Origins of Operational Art” (pp.141-164) and “Moltke and Grant” (pp. 131-139).
- Gat, Azar. The Origins of Military Thought. 2 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989/92.
- German Army. On the German Art of War: Truppenführung. Edited and Translated by Bruce Condell and David T. Zabecki. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2001.
- Handel, Michael I., ed. Clausewitz and Modern Strategy. London, 1986.
- Howard, Michael. Clausewitz. New York: Oxford University Press, 1983.
- Hughes, Daniel J. Moltke on the Art of War: Selected Writings. Novato, CA: Presidio Press, 1995.
- Kissinger, Henry A. Nuclear Weapons and Foreign Policy. NY, 1957.
- Luvaas, Jay. “European Military Thought and Doctrine, 1870-1914,” in The Theory and Practice of War. Edited by Michael Howard. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1975.
- Paret, Peter. Understanding War: Essays on Clausewitz and the History of Military Power. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992.
- Rosinski, Herbert. Development of Naval Thought. Newport, 1977.
- Schnelling, Thomas C. The Strategy of Conflict. NY, 1968.
- Thibault, George, ed. The Art and Practice of Military Strategy. GPO, 1984.
- U.S. News & World Report. Triumph Without Victory: The Unreported History of the Persian Gulf War. NY: Random House, 1992
- Wallach, Jehuda L. The Dogma of the Battle of Annihilation: The Theories of Clausewitz and Schlieffen. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group, 1986.
- Echevarria, Antuilo J., “Moltke and the German Military Tradition: His Theories and Legacies,” Parameters (Spring 1996):91-99.
- Hadley, Arthur T., “The Split ‘Military Psyche,'” The New York Times, 13 July 1986, VI, pp. 22-25.
- Krause, Michael D., “Moltke and the Origins of Operational Art,” Military Review (September 1990): 28-44.